involves the removal of the oldest dead skin cells on the outermost surface. Exfoliation can be achieve through mechanical or chemical means. Mechanical process involves physically scrubbing the skin with abrasive materials such as sponges, loofahs and microfiber cloths. While chemical exfoliants includes scrubs containing salicylic acid, glycolic acid, fruit enzymes and malic acids. Chemical exfoliation may also involve the use of products alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), beta hydroxy acids (BHAs)or enzymes that act to loosen the glue like substance that hold the cells together. This type of exfoliation is recommended for people treating acne.
LIGHTENING the practice of using chemical substance in an attempt to lighten skin tone by lessening melanin in our skin. Several substance have been know to be really effective in whitening the skin, while some contains toxic chemicals or have questionable safety issues. Many skin whitening treatments used a combination toppical lotions or creams containing melanin inhibiting ingredients along with a sunscreen and prescription. Kojic acid which comes from the Japanese rice wine, is a natural skin lightening substance. Research shows that Kojic acid is proven effective for inhibiting melanin production in our skin. Many cosmetics and skin care companies use Kojic as the main ingredients in their products. Vitamin c is also considered an effective antioxidants and help to lighten skin.
MOISTURIZING this is essential to the skin especially if you have dry skin. Moisturizers are a mixtures of chemical agents especially design ed to make the external layers of the skin softer and more pliable. It increase the skin's hydration by reducing evaporation. Moisturizers can be used to prevent the skin from becoming too dry or oily. For dry skin the most appropriate moisturizers are heavier, oil-based moisturizers that contain ingredients such as antioxidants and grape seed oil. For oily skin, water-based moisturizers are preferable as there is less risk of comedo formation.
SKIN PROTECTION This is the most important factor of skin whitening. The most important ways to take care of your complexion is to protect it from the sun. The heat of the sun can cause many skin problems, such as premature aging, production of melanin in our skin's surface which result to skin darkening and other major problem. To avoid this, you should wear skin protection when you go outside use a lotion with sunscreen to protect you from the harmful rays of the sun. Always use a sunscreen that has spf 15 or higher, with broad spectrum and water proof or sweat proof to avoid dust sticking into the skin pores.